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IELTS Studying Questions: Matching Info to Paragraphs


The IELTS Studying Take a look at requires a number of follow and preparation if you’ll get the very best band rating attainable. And one technique to put together is to have an excellent understanding of the various kinds of query within the IELTS Studying Take a look at.

One of the vital tough questions is the “matching data to paragraphs” query, typically known as “matching statements“.

In this sort of query, it’s essential match statements to paragraphs (or sections) within the studying passage.

On this put up we’re going to have a look at:

  • the important thing details about this query sort
  • examples of this query
  • the studying expertise it’s essential use
  • the frequent issues confronted by IELTS take a look at takers
  • I’ll provide you with some ideas
  • and a technique for approaching this query sort.

Key Info

  • The statements within the query can be associated to particular data within the textual content.
  • There’ll normally be between 3 and 6 statements.
  • You do not want to know what the entire paragraph is about. You simply want to seek out the knowledge within the paragraph.
  • The knowledge will normally be in an entire phrase or sentence, not a single phrase.

Instance

So let’s take a look at an instance of considered one of these query sorts from a previous paper.

Cambridge IELTS 17 Take a look at 1

 

As you may see above, you might be given a listing of statements (there are 4 within the above query). Your activity is to match these statements to the proper sections within the studying textual content.

  • Every part within the studying take a look at can have been labelled A, B, C, D, and so on. Your reply will subsequently be the letter of the part, so A, B, C, D, E, F or G.
  • Normally every part is a paragraph, however typically a bit will comprise 2 paragraphs.
  • There’ll normally be extra sections than questions.

Additionally, one part would possibly match multiple assertion. In different phrases, a bit would possibly comprise two items of knowledge. So these questions normally embody the phrases, “you could use any letter greater than as soon as”.

Studying Abilities

This kind of query will take a look at a wide range of studying expertise:

  1. your capacity to skim learn
  2. your capacity to scan a textual content for particular data
  3. your capacity to learn for detailed data.

Skimming

You’ll first have to have the ability to skim the studying passage to get the overall that means of every paragraph.

Scanning

Additionally, you will must scan for particular phrases inside the paragraphs.

These phrases could also be equivalent to the phrases within the query statements, however they are going to typically be reworded utilizing synonyms, paraphrases and provider nouns.

Synonyms, Paraphrases and Service Nouns

The knowledge within the textual content might be going to be written utilizing completely different phrases and phrases to the statements. So this may take a look at your capacity to determine synonyms and paraphrases.

For instance, the assertion in query 14 makes use of the phrase “constructing“. Nonetheless, the precise textual content makes use of the phrase “building“, which is a synonym of “constructing“. So a data of synonyms is necessary.

Paraphrasing includes rewording an entire phrase, typically by shifting completely different elements of the sentence round, utilizing synonyms and utilizing completely different elements of speech.

For instance, “examples of the wide selection of amenities obtainable at some new stadiums” might be paraphrased like this: “many fashionable stadia are outfitted with inns, eating places, convention centres and retailers.”

It’s additionally necessary to have a data of provider nounsService nouns are nouns which can be utilized to explain a number of completely different concepts. Examples of provider nouns embody “growth”, “thought”, “downside”, “benefit”, “cause”, “impact”, and plenty of extra.

The statements within the instance questions use provider nouns:

  • query 14 is asking you to search for unfavourable attitudes
  • query 15 is asking you to search for figures
  • query 16 is asking you to search for examples
  • query 17 is asking you to search for disadvantages

So understanding the that means of those provider nouns is necessary.

(Click on right here to learn extra about provider nouns)

As you may see, a large vocabulary will enable you get a excessive band rating within the IELTS Studying Take a look at.

Learn For Element

After you have discovered the phrases and phrases within the textual content that you simply assume MAY relate to the phrases and phrases within the assertion, you then have to learn the encompassing textual content fastidiously to seek out out IF the textual content actually IS a match for the assertion.

Widespread Issues

One factor that makes this query sort fairly tough is that the solutions don’t seem in the identical order because the questions. The solutions might be anyplace within the textual content, so it takes time to seek out the knowledge.

The second downside is that the statements don’t normally seek advice from the principle thought of every paragraph. The statements seek advice from particular data inside every paragraph. This implies the “matching statements” query could be very completely different to the “matching headings” query, the place you may normally discover the reply by studying the primary 1-2 sentences of a paragraph. Within the “matching statements” query, the knowledge you want might be anyplace within the paragraph. This makes it an actual take a look at of your scanning expertise.

Additionally, do not forget that one part or one paragraph might match MORE THAN ONE assertion. Many take a look at takers neglect this, and don’t perceive why they will’t discover the reply to one of many statements.

Suggestions

Tip 1: Do that query final. In case you do different questions first, you’ll turn into acquainted with the passage and this may enable you determine the proper data extra rapidly and simply in a while.

Tip 2: Search first for the knowledge that’s best to seek out. For instance, names, locations, numbers and dates. For instance, query 15 in our instance is asking you to search for “figures” – i.e. “numbers”. Numbers are simpler to seek out than “disadvantages”!

Doing the simpler questions first has 2 advantages:

  1. Answering the simpler questions will enable you to turn into extra acquainted with the content material of the textual content total, which is able to make it simpler so that you can reply the more durable questions.
  2. In case you are working out of time and want to maneuver on to the following set of questions, you’ll no less than have gained the marks from the straightforward questions. You may not get all 4 marks (as in our instance), however you would possibly get 2 from the straightforward ones. It’s higher to maneuver on to the following set of questions than spend a number of time doing arduous questions.

Step-by-Step Technique

So that is one technique to strategy these duties. Be happy to adapt it, in fact.

Step 1: Learn the directions fastidiously

Hopefully, this goes with out saying, however many take a look at takers neglect this. Be sure to know what you must do: is that this actually a “matching statements” query?

Step 2: Learn every assertion

Learn every assertion. Attempt to perceive the principle thought of every assertion. What sort of data do you have to be searching for?

  • Take note of provider nouns
  • Take into consideration methods the assertion could be paraphrased and what synonyms could be used.

Step 3: Skim the Complete Passage

Skim learn the entire passage – get a normal understanding of the textual content, and what every paragraph is about. This can enable you to seek out the paragraph related to every assertion in a while.

You possibly can circle or underline textual content that signifies the principle thought, or write a number of phrases subsequent to every paragraph.

Step 4: Scan for Info

Select one of many statements (bear in mind, do the simpler statements first, those referring to names, locations, dates, numbers).

In case you skim learn the textual content, then you definitely could possibly predict which paragraph matches the assertion as a result of you could have seen one thing within the textual content associated to the assertion.

In any other case, scan the entire textual content till you discover phrases or phrases that could be linked to the assertion. Circle or underline these phrases and phrases.

Step 5: Learn for Element

Learn the encompassing textual content, 1-3 sentences. Do these sentences point out the identical factor because the assertion? In the event that they do, write your reply on the reply sheet and cross out the assertion from the query paper.

In the event that they don’t, return to Step 4.

In case you’re undecided, learn the textual content fastidiously once more…
BUT
when you’re not 100% certain of the reply, possibly solely 80-90% certain, then you might be most likely right. There are unlikely to be two locations within the textual content that are just like one assertion.

In order that’s how you can strategy the “matching statements” IELTS Studying Take a look at query. It’s one of many hardest query within the IELTS Studying Take a look at, but when you realize what to do and practise this fastidiously, you are able to do higher than 90% of IELTS candidates.

You possibly can practise this query right here: https://ieltscharlie.com/ielts-reading-test-1/ (questions 14 to 18 are matching data questions)

Good luck with it!



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