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EVs Take 28.4% Share Of UK – ZEV Mandate Now In Impact

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December noticed plugin EVs take 28.4% share of the UK auto market, down YoY from 39.4%, as deliveries had been held again to fulfill new 2024 mandates. Full 12 months 2023 BEV quantity was up by 18% from 2022. December’s general auto quantity was 141,092 models, up 10% YoY. Tesla was December’s main BEV model, and the Tesla Mannequin Y was 2023’s bestselling BEV.

EVs take 28.4% share

December noticed mixed EVs take 28.4% share, with full electrics (BEVs) taking 19.7%, and plugin hybrids (PHEVs) taking 8.6%. These examine with shares of 39.4% mixed, 32.9% BEV, and 6.5% PHEV, a 12 months in the past.

December’s 12 months on 12 months comparability seems to be weak, partly as a result of the tip of 2023 skilled a hold-back forward of a coverage change coming into impact in 2024. The brand new 2024 ZEV mandate requires auto producers to fulfill a minimal share of twenty-two% ZEV gross sales for the complete 12 months (and getting increased in future years). For a reminder of the brand new guidelines, examine my report from final month.

Holding again some proportion of This autumn 2023 deliveries till Q1 2024 helps producers meet the tight new 2024 targets and keep away from very substantial fines. How a lot are the fines? As much as £15,000 (€17,420) for each non-BEV that they promote. Since 2024 BEV registrations have such substantial financial worth (in fines prevented) for producers, why not maintain again a couple of from late 2023 (the place they don’t have any such worth), and put them to work in direction of the brand new 2024 targets as a substitute?

If that is certainly what is going on (and different analysts have independently made the identical suggestion, right here and right here), Q1 2024 ought to bounce again to increased than common BEV share, because the delayed deliveries are lastly fulfilled.

Partly due to the This autumn hold-back, full 12 months 2023 BEV headline efficiency seems to be unimpressive, with share of simply 16.5% in comparison with 16.6% for full 12 months 2022.

With out the brand new guidelines distorting the This autumn figures, nevertheless, the underlying efficiency was a bit higher. BEV gross sales quantity by the tip of Q3 was at 238,541 models, up a wholesome 35.8% from the identical interval in 2022. This got here towards the background of general auto quantity progress of 20.2%, thus considerably suppressing BEVs’ enchancment in share — solely as much as 16.4% by Q3 finish, from 14.5% on the similar level in 2022.

Taking a step again, UK general auto volumes are actually simply 18% under the 2011-2019 common, so any future restoration in general quantity has an higher restrict. Because of this future (and persevering with) will increase in BEV quantity will translate extra proportionally into enchancment in market share.

In the meantime, ICE autos proceed their downward pattern in share. Petrol-only autos have spent the previous 2 months at below 40% market share, which is a brand new file. Diesel-only autos have spent the previous 4 months at below 4% market share, additionally a brand new file. We are able to anticipate to see their mixed share dip under 40% by H2 2024, if not earlier.

EVs take 28.4% share

High BEV Manufacturers

Tesla was again to the highest spot for BEV manufacturers in December, taking 19.8% of the BEV market. This can be a restoration from November and October, the place Audi, and BMW (respectively), took the highest spot.


On condition that the UK is a proper hand drive market, irregular batching of deliveries is considerably inevitable by manufacturers, so let’s check out the trailing 3 month figures to clean out the month-to-month variabilities:

Right here, the scenario is far more even, with BMW nearly matching Tesla for market share, and Audi not very far behind. For the reason that prior interval (July to September), BMW elevated volumes by 1.27x, and Audi by 1.36x. For Tesla, alternatively, quantity fell to simply 0.73x of the earlier quantity.

One other good enchancment was seen by Volvo, with 2x quantity enhance, sufficient to take seventh spot, from fifteenth beforehand. BYD managed to squeeze into the highest 20 manufacturers for the primary time, at nineteenth, having launched quantity deliveries again in September.

Now let’s take a look at the complete 12 months high 5 manufacturers:

Tesla’s good momentum within the first half of the 12 months helped it pull out a big lead over the others. MG had a powerful efficiency in Q3, which helped it keep forward of BMW and Audi over the complete 12 months. For extra full 12 months information, see my graphs elsewhere.

On the finish of 12 months, the UK business physique, the SMMT, offers an inventory of the highest 10 greatest promoting BEV fashions for the complete 12 months. Unsurprisingly, Tesla took the highest spot with the Mannequin Y, with 35,899 models, sufficient to additionally put it in fifth place within the general listing (left aspect column):

The Mannequin Y noticed only a modest enhance (of 348 models) in 2023 full 12 months quantity in comparison with 2022. For the reason that general market — and most different in style fashions — grew quantity by some 18%, this pushed the Mannequin Y right down to fifth, from 2022’s third rating. Nonetheless end result contemplating that no different BEV but will get near the general high 10.



The UK’s auto market annual progress of 18% in 2023 was a brighter spot than the general economic system, which hovered at 0.3% annual progress in GDP in each Q2 and in Q3 (newest information) and should pattern decrease in This autumn. The inflation charge cooled in November to three.9%, however rates of interest stayed flat at 5.25%. Manufacturing PMI fell to 46.2 factors in December, from a current excessive of 47.2 factors in November.

The SMMT didn’t point out the BEV hold-back technique of its member firms in This autumn, however as a substitute requested for extra authorities help for shopper BEV purchases. The SMMT CEO mentioned “Authorities has challenged the UK automotive sector with the world’s boldest transition timeline and is investing to make sure we’re a serious maker of electrical autos. It should now assist all drivers purchase into this future, with shopper incentives that may make the UK the main European marketplace for ZEVs.” (SMMT)

They’re asking that VAT on BEVs be halved to 10% going forwards, to assist meet the expansion targets. This may assist (the extra laggard) producers meet their 2024 mandates, by successfully making the on-the-road worth for BEVs 9.1% decrease than it in any other case is perhaps, serving to them promote extra models. It could additionally assist non-public shoppers a bit, within the brief time period, by lowering the entry worth to get into a brand new BEV. It could damage current new house owners of BEVs by lowering their residual worth by 9.1% in a single day. In the long term, it would marginally delay the efforts of producers to search out BEV price efficiencies on their very own — by aiming for economies of scale by way of excessive volumes, and extra R&D funding. This may then delay the timeline for BEVs to outcompete ICEs on (unadulterated) market pricing.

Anyway, we’ll see BEV share of at the least 22% in 2024 (although the precise figures are a bit extra messy) as a result of new ZEV mandate. The approaching few months will probably be attention-grabbing to observe. What do you assume? Please bounce in to the feedback under to hitch the dialogue.

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